Psychological Principles: Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)
From Learn to be a true Social Engineer
As stated in Wikipedia: "Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "a model of interpersonal communication chiefly concerned with the relationship between successful patterns of behaviour and the subjective experiences (esp. patterns of thought) underlying them" and "a system of alternative therapy based on this which seeks to educate people in self-awareness and effective communication, and to change their patterns of mental and emotional behaviour"."
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) was developed in the 1970’s by Richard Bandler and John Grinder with the guidance of Gregory Bateson. They studied some of the most successful therapist of the time (Fritz Perls, Virginia Satir and Milton Erickson) to see why they were so successful. From this initial research they developed the “code” concepts of NLP. This early research led to the development of a meta model which recognizes the use of language patterns to influence change. Their work with Virginia Satir, a renowned family systems therapist led to their early works: “The Structure of Magic” Volume I and Volume 2 (1975 and 1976).
Bandler and Grinder later worked with Milton Erickson, the founder of clinical hypnotherapy. The pair used their modeling technique to develop the Milton Model, the use of imprecise language to enable patients to work through issues at an unconscious level. Bandler and Grinder started using the title of “Neuro-linguistic programming” in lectures across the country. Attended by psychotherapists and business managers, NLP expanded its popularity throughout the late 1970’s. One of their more famous book (“Frogs into Prices”) was transcribed from their 1979 lectures.
1980’s – 1990’s
1980 brought the dissolution of the Grinder / Bandler partnership. Richard Bandler wife divorced him and his company Not Ltd filed for bankruptcy in 1983. Bandler was charged with the 1986 murder of Corine Christensen who was an alleged prostitute, NLP student of Bandlers, and cocaine abuser. He was acquitted January 1988. The murder of Corine Christensen is currently unsolved.
Legal maneuvering during the 1980 – 1990 saw multiple lawsuits brought by Bandler against Grinder and almost ever prominent person in the NLP community. Bandler claimed he had sole use of “NLP” and all others were in trademark infringement. The US Superior Court in February of 2000 ruled that Bandler had misrepresented himself to the public and found NLP a generic term rather than intellectual property. NLP had been trademarked in the UK but was overturned making NLP intellectual property everywhere.
1990’s – 2000’s
NLP became the new buzz word again for managers, driving rapid growth of trainers, classes and experts. Without any regulating body, the field grew as everybody wanted to learn to control others, lie without getting caught or solve all their psyche problems. Practitioners were not licensed so each group taught their own form and concept’s of NLP and issuing their own certifications as experts. This fragmentation of certification continues today.
Bandler and Grinder has signed a co-creator and co-founder agreement and “refrain from disparaging each other’s efforts”. New international agencies for NLP development are starting to develop, mainly in the UK. Both Richard Bandler and John Grinderand are still are producing books and lectures. Both are wonderful speakers and have great insight into the human psyche.
Codes of NLP
The early 1970’s NLP had a code that was the collective body of learning and investigation that generated the first books and the term Neuro-linguistic programming. As time went on John Grinder and others have continued to update the field of NLP. The “New Code of NLP” has created an ethical and aesthetic framework for NLP development.
Classic Code of NLP
The “old” or classic code is based on categorization of specific linguistic, behavioral and sensory distinctions. The practice of matching speech, dominant sensory style and mirroring are part of this older style. Several other practices including time changing, trance, metaphors and reframing. The old school had 10 tenants that were developed in the original work on NLP:
- No one is wrong or broken. People work perfectly to accomplish what they are currently accomplishing.
- People already have all the resources they need.
- Behind every behavior is a positive intention.
- Every behavior is useful in some context.
- The meaning of a communication is the response you get.
- If you aren't getting the response you want, do something different.
- There is no such thing as failure. There is only feedback.
- In any system, the element with the most flexibility exerts the most influence.
- The map is not the territory.
- If someone can do something, anyone can learn it.
These are the hallmarks of the classic NLP training.
New Code of NLP
NLP’s original ideas were from the 1970’s as time passed John Grinder began to realize that many were not as they thought. He began working with Gregory Bateson and Judith DeLozier and produced the “New Code” that focused more on what the person thinks or believes will happen and changing that belief. Techniques for expanding you perceptions, overcoming old thought patterns and learning how to be a genius from geniuses help all help in learning self change.
The new code key concepts of “states”, “conscious/unconscious relationships” and ”perceptual filters”. More understanding the relationship between the elements in the system. These changes are meant to move NLP forward and help practitioners think about it in new ways. Many of the thought from the new code are being taught now as part of the standard NLP courseware. This new code is best understood by reading “Turtles All the Way Down” by Grinder and DeLozier. It’s compiled from their seminar “Prerequisites to Personal Genius”.
Scripts In The New Code
Many people have a common problem so a groups of scripts have been developed to help therapist use NLP in their practice. These scripts lead the participant through a series of thoughts that help guide the person to the desired end. Several good books on NLP scripts exist with “The Big Book of NLP Techniques: 200+ Patterns & Strategies of Neuro Linguistic Programming” being highly recommended.
Free Online Tutorials
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuro-linguistic_programming
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Bandler
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Grinder
- ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Structure-Magic-About-Language-Therapy/dp/0831400447
- ↑ http://social-engineer.org/wiki/archives/NLP/NLP-Satir395.pdf - Spitzer, R. (1992) Virginia Satir and the Origins of NLP, Anchor Point
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuro-linguistic_programming
- ↑ http://social-engineer.org/wiki/archives/NLP/NLP-NotGuilty.html
- ↑ http://social-engineer.org/wiki/archives/NLP/NLP-Summary%20of%20Legal%20Proceedings.pdf
- ↑ http://www.itanlp.com/
- ↑ http://www.richardbandler.com/
- ↑ http://www.johngrinder.com
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregory_Bateson
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judith_DeLozier
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_code_of_NLP
- ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Turtles-All-Way-Down-Prerequisites/dp/1555520227