In the world of social engineering there are numerous attack vectors. Some involve a lot of technology others contain none at all. The Social-Engineer framework has comprised a short list of the most common attack vectors. This list will grow with research and contributions from the SE community.
For detailed information regarding the categories of an attack cycle, please see Attack Vectors in the Social-Engineer Framework.
The end result with any social engineering attack is the same; loss of data, personal information, identity or even valuable resources. The solution is also the same –education.